The Tagbanua practice slash-and-burn agriculture, growing dry maize, rice, millet, taro, sweet potato and cassava. Fishing is the second main economic activity.
They usually practice wild boar hunting armed with spears and accompanied by dogs. Buffalos are kept for transport and as a meat source while other Cattle and pigs are kept for ritual feasts. They raise chickens both for cockfighting and for their feathers, also used as fish baits.